Nutrition after heart surgery



For the first time after surgery, you may experience a loss of appetite, and good nutrition is important during recovery. Listen to yourself and your body. In addition, you are currently spending less energy, so you need to reduce the usual portion. At the same time, it is important to observe the diet - 4-6 meals a day are recommended. A balanced diet will accelerate your recovery and give you vitality. Have breakfast no later than 2 hours after waking up. Breakfast should consist of complex carbohydrates (porridge). The last meal should be 2-3 hours before bedtime. In the evening, give preference to lighter dishes (fish, vegetables).

Try to adhere to the following simple rules when cooking:

  Bake, stew, steam, grill, cook, but do not fry.

  Reduce the amount of salt consumed or give it up altogether.

  Avoid foods containing pure cholesterol – heart, liver, shrimp, fish roe, strong meat broths.

  Take food in fractions – often, but in small portions, so as not to gain excess weight.

Products that speed up the recovery process:


  Fish and seafood.

The special value of fish due to its unique composition of fats is omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, which have antiplatelet, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, immunocorrective effects. Fish proteins are involved in the formation of collagen, elastin, contribute to the restoration of skin and bone tissue; prevent the excretion of potassium from the heart muscle, therefore, contribute to the prevention of certain cardiac arrhythmias. In general, fish concentrate a number of micronutrients in their body (calcium, phosphorus, iron, fluorine, iodine, bromine). The important role of iodine in the regulation of lipid metabolism is known. Daily consumption of fish reduces the risk of death from heart attack by 40%.

  Kefir, yogurt, acidophilus, fermented baked milk up to 2.5% fat content.

  Kefir is easily digested. Fermented milk flora has a beneficial effect on the intestinal microflora, increases immunity. Due to the acidic environment, pathogenic microbes die and prevents the processes of rotting and fermentation. It is best to drink kefir before going to bed.

  Vegetables and greens – up to 400 grams per day

It should be widely used in its raw form – in the form of salads, vinaigrettes, second courses, side dishes, vegetable juices. They improve intestinal peristalsis, promote the elimination of excess cholesterol. Prevention of cancer of the gastrointestinal tract.

  Fruits and berries

It is recommended to use all fruits and berries, natural juices and canned fruits (without sugar), dried fruits, frozen fruits and berries. It is necessary to widely use fruits rich in vitamins and trace elements – potassium, magnesium (dried apricots, apricots, raisins, prunes, rosehip), which normalize blood pressure and remove fluid and toxins from the body.

Foods that dramatically worsen heart function:


  Meat fat

It is a source of saturated fatty acids, which are deposited in the walls of blood vessels, damaging them by forming atherosclerotic plaques. This fat can be compared to a huge tree and to cut it down you need: time, technique, strength. And a weakened body does not have them. Therefore, this "fatty debris" accumulates in blood vessels, liver, and subcutaneous tissue. Before cooking meat dishes, carefully cut off all visible fat and discard it. The removal of fat and extractive substances from meat products is possible if the cooking technology is followed — the meat is pre-boiled, and then baked or stewed.


There is not a single organ in the human body that would not be destroyed by alcohol. First of all, the blood suffers. Under the influence of alcohol, red blood cells stick together. When it gets into the small vessels of the brain, heart, eyes, kidneys, there is a violation of cell nutrition with subsequent death.


The daily salt requirement is up to 6 grams per day. Excess can trigger an increase in blood pressure. Do not forget that the more salt in the dishes, the less calcium is absorbed.  Prolonged restriction or complete exclusion of table salt from the diet for therapeutic purposes does not cause any harmful side effects.